FDA warns companies to stop making false claims for THC and CBD products
- The FDA warns companies against using false claims for their THC and CBD products.
- The companies have reportedly claimed that THC and CBD products can cure or alleviate certain health conditions.
- People with heart disease should not use THC products, experts say.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued a warning to five companies that illegally sell THC and CBD products, falsely claiming they can diagnose, cure, prevent, mitigate, or treat various health conditions.
Health experts recommend consulting a healthcare provider and using CBD and THC products with caution.
“It’s a jungle out there. Most internet sources and budtenders are of no help – remember, they have no formal training and their job is to sell, not give advice,” Dr. Daniele Piomellidirector of the UCI Center for the Study of Cannabistold Healthline.
“At the moment there is not much beyond old trial and error,” added Piomelli.
Products reported by the FDA contain delta-8 THC rather than delta-9 THC. THC is usually the psychoactive compound in cannabis products.
According to Dr. Kelly Johnson-Arbortoxicologist and co-medical director of the National Capital Poison Control Centerdelta-8 THC has a very similar chemical structure to delta-9 THC but is less potent.
Delta-8 TCH is present in low amounts in cannabis plants, and these products can be made from CBD. Higher amounts of delta-8 THC are required to achieve the same clinical effects as delta-9 THC.
“The dosage, clinical effects, and safety of delta-8 THC have not been thoroughly studied in humans, and it is not known what a ‘standard’ dose of delta-8 THC represents,” says Johnson-Arbor.
According to Johnson-Arbor, the standard dose of CBD is not well understood and there is limited evidence on the compound’s ability to treat or prevent disease.
Piomelli says that with very few exceptions, the positive health effects of THC and CBD have not been supported by sufficient data.
For THC, exceptions include nausea and the treatment of chronic pain, as there is substantial, although not conclusive, evidence that THC can help with these issues.
The exception for CBD is that it can help with seizure disorders, according to Piomelli.
Epidiolex, a prescription drug that helps treat two types of rare seizure disorders, is the only FDA-approved CBD product.
“Other claims are often based on small clinical studies or animal experiments, which are not sufficient to make a recommendation,” Piomelli said.
According to Shokoohinia, although some studies have shown beneficial health effects of cannabis and hemp products, companies cannot claim that these products can treat or prevent health problems because they are not regulated by the law. FDA.
Further clinical and toxicity studies are needed before these products can be approved.
“Herbal/botanical products are useful remedies for health support, but like chemical drugs, they can also have adverse effects, contraindications, and toxicity,” Shokoohinia said.
In high doses, CBD can cause liver damage and can potentially contribute to male infertility and decreased alertness, according to Shokoohinia.
Piomelli says self-medication is always risky.
He recommends talking to a doctor who can provide recommendations on using cannabis products.
At the very least, he recommends exercise caution when using cannabis products for health issues.
“Start low, go up slowly, watch yourself,” Piomelli said.
According to Piomelli, people with heart conditions shouldn’t use THC, and those taking blood pressure or heart medication should avoid high doses of CBD.
Teenagers should avoid frequent or high doses of THC, Piomelli added. The FDA recommends that pregnant or breastfeeding women avoid cannabis altogether.
Shokoohinia recommends looking for products with informative labels on the amount of the compounds.
“For CBD oil labels, search for mg/ml to determine concentration; for gummies, be sure to read the serving size to know the concentration in each gummie and not just the whole container,” Shokoohinia said.
Shokoohinia also recommends looking for a third-party test certificate of analysis, which can show how much CBD or THC the product contains and whether it has been tested for contaminants, pesticides, heavy metals, and mold.
The FDA has issued a warning to five companies that illegally sell THC and CBD products, falsely claiming they can diagnose, cure, prevent, mitigate, or treat various health conditions. Most THC and CBD products are unregulated and therefore cannot make health claims since the FDA has not evaluated the safety, side effects, and quality of many CBD and THC products. Health experts recommend speaking with a doctor and exercising caution when using cannabis products to treat health conditions.